Sprained ankle


Sprained ankle refers to a strain on one or more ankle ligaments attached to the ankle bone. In severe cases, ligament tears may occur. Ligaments are elastic bands of tissue attached to bones and used to help move joints.

Sprained ankles are common child injuries. When exercising or standing, children may twist their ankles in a strange posture and cause such injuries.

Most sprained ankles occur in the outer area of ​​the ankle. This means that the ankle is twisted inward. The ankle can also be twisted outward.

Minor injury refers to a ligament strain accompanied by slight swelling. Severe injury refers to a torn ligament with severe swelling.

Signs and symptoms of Sprained ankle

After a sprained ankle, the child will appear:

  • Difficulty walking
  • Mild to severe pain
  • Reduced ankle activity

Other signs include:

  • Swelling and bruising on the front and sides of the ankle
  • Tenderness around the bones
  • Bone bulge with little or no tenderness

Control sprained ankle

If the child’s ankle is stable, there is little pain, and the bones are not tender or painful, then the child can be taken home to take care of it. Please call your child’s doctor at this time.

If the child’s ankle condition is unstable and there is severe pain or bone tenderness or pain, the child will need to see a doctor. The doctor will test the child and measure the degree of ankle injury.

Take care of children at home

Rest, ice, press, lift:

During the first 24 hours, rest your ankles.

After the child wakes up, apply an ice pack 30 minutes every 4 hours for 3 days in the swollen or painful area.

Raising (elevating) the ankle beyond the horizontal position of the heart can help reduce swelling.

Ibuprofen, support bandages and crutches:

The doctor will recommend that your child take ibuprofen (Yavi, Merrill, or other brands) to control pain and reduce swelling.

Supporting bandages or Aircast ankle cushions can reduce swelling and prevent further ankle injuries.

If your child has difficulty walking, you can use a cane.

take more exercise

If your child has a slight ankle sprain, start ankle exercises as soon as possible 48 hours after the injury. These exercises include bending the ankle forward, backward, inward and outward to move it within its natural range of motion. To improve balance, it is necessary to stand with injured legs. Early light weight bearing and walking help recovery.

Such injuries require more than 2 weeks to improve. It takes 10 to 12 weeks to fully recover.

When to seek medical help

If walking after 48 hours is still very difficult and pain persists, please consult your doctor again. More exercise and physical therapy must be performed.

Start exercise

The ankle can start to move when it can turn with full force within the natural range. You can ask your child to beat the injured leg 5 times to test the ankle strength. Check your child for signs of pain or instability when jumping. You can also check whether the child is staggering when walking.

Starting exercise prematurely may lead to a higher risk of further injury to the ankle. If it is not fully recovered, the child will have long-term problems. Warm-up exercises and lace-up support can prevent further ankle injuries. Before performing highly competitive operations, you need to see a doctor who understands sports-related injuries.

Main points

  • Ankle injury can cause pain and swelling.
  • Recovery takes time and patience.
  • Exercise can promote ankle recovery.
  • A doctor who understands the injuries of bones and joints examines the severely injured.
  • Starting exercise too early can cause long-term problems with the ankle.

Also Read : Amblyopia (Lazy eye)


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