1. What is Oral Thrush ?
Oral thrush is an acute inflammation of the mucous membranes in the mouth, caused by the fungus Candida. It occurs in infants and young children within six months, especially in the first few days, and the affected children will easily cry, have poor appetite, and sometimes accompany Mild fever, if you can find a milky white patch in the oral cavity, it is suspected of stains left after feeding, but the general milk dirt can be peeled off, but the thrush can not be wiped off. If you rub it hard, it will cause bleeding. This is a fungal ulcer. Older children or adults usually heal themselves within two weeks, but there are also a few cases where the treatment is not timely and the disease spreads to the tonsils, esophagus and trachea, causing refusal to eat, difficulty swallowing and breathing, and even infection of the lungs, stomach and intestines Serious complications. Infants and young children usually need to be treated because of their poor resistance, and if they relapse frequently, they should pay attention to whether they have congenital immune disorders or immune deficiency.
Unlike other oral mucosal diseases, thrush begins with a large and irregularly shaped white film; whether it is a broken mouth caused by weak immunity, or herpes gingivitis caused by viruses, or ulcers caused by enter viruses At the beginning, they first appeared in the form of rashes, and then white pustules appeared.
Thrush can also occur in adults, especially patients with AIDS, cancer, diabetes, and long-term use of steroids such as chronic asthma and allergies, or otitis media using antibiotics. Due to drug side effects, oral mucosal dysfunction is susceptible to mold and disease.
2. What is oral thrush causes?
The cause of thrush is Candida albicans (C. albicans), which is a conditionally pathogenic mold that can be seen everywhere in the air and is also resident in the human oral cavity. Due to the weak resistance of infants and young children, it is infected with Candida It is very likely that it will develop into a pathogenic type of hyphae, leading to thrush. The routes of infection include:
- Direct contact with the adult body fluids of the original, such as neonatal canal candida albicans through the birth canal, thrush adults through the kiss to bring the germs to young children, etc.
- Did not do enough cleaning work, such as feeding bottles and pacifiers, items put directly into the mouth of young children were not sterilized and sterilized, so that Candida albicans in the air could invade. Sometimes the nipples of nursing mothers may also be the source of infection; love to bite fingers or pick up Eating food on the ground may also put Candida albicans into the mouth by mistake.
- Contact with oral secretions of other sick children at home or kindergarten, causing cross infection.
Adult thrush can include immune dysfunction caused by a variety of reasons, such as colds, staying up late, and hormonal disorders such as menstrual periods and pregnancy, which can make Candida a pathogen. In addition, long-term use of steroids, antibiotics, oral contraceptives, and other drugs, as well as cancer, diabetes, burns, etc., patients with poor body resistance may cause abnormal development of Candida, causing thrush.
3. What is Oral Thrush Symptoms?
anxious. Decreased appetite. Slight fever. White spots in lips. White spots on cheeks and palate. Tongue white spots. Refuse to eat. hard to swallow
- Infants and young children within six months, especially when they are four weeks old, are at their peak.
- Young children with chronic diarrhea, colds, and poor nutrition.
- Young children who use steroids, antibiotics or adrenocortical hormones for a long time, such as allergic rhinitis and tracheal allergies.
- Acquired immune insufficiency syndrome, such as AIDS patients, and adults who have long used antibiotics, anti-tumor drugs and Immunosuppressant agents, or those who received organ transplantation, catheterization and radiotherapy, also belonged to thrush.
Oral thrush treatment
4. What is oral thrush treatment?
- People who take care of and raise infants should pay more attention to personal hygiene, such as washing hands before holding children, washing hands before feeding and wiping nipples with warm water, pacifiers and bottles are thoroughly cleaned and boiled for 20 minutes. Children’s special tableware is disinfected to avoid chewing during feeding Food etc.
- In addition to tableware, children’s commonly used toys, bed sheets, clothes, etc. should also be washed and aired frequently to reduce the growth of pathogens and molds.
- Children’s mouthwash cups, toothbrushes, towels and other sanitary utensils and tableware are best separated separately, try not to share with others.
- Moisture is beneficial to the survival of mold, so the home environment should also keep sufficient light, ventilation and dryness, and use a dehumidifier when necessary.
- No matter adults or children, they usually improve their immunity, such as regular work and rest, adequate sleep, balanced nutrition, and more outdoor activities.
- Do not abuse drugs, antibiotics and steroids should be used in appropriate amounts under the instructions of a physician.
- Patients who have been infected with Candida should be actively treated, such as using anti-fungal drugs or applying ointment to eliminate the source of infection.